blogpost
Webcam picture on every git commit

Written by Bram Neijt on .

About a month back, I came across a Hacker News item about taking a picture at every git commit. As I liked the idea, I decided to look at what people where doing to get it to work. Because most solutions seemed to complicated, I decided to implement my own. Below I'll give insight into the pieces of my git webcam snapshotting setup.

Taking a webcam snapshot

First, getting the webcam snapshots to work on Linux. There are programs out there, but the easiest thing I could think of was putting gstreamer to work. I created a file called bin/webcamsnapshot (the bin directory there is on my PATH).

#!/bin/bash
timestamp="`date +%Y%m%dT%H:%M:%S%:z`"

activity=$1
if [ -z "$activity" ]; then
    activity="none"
fi
if [ $# -gt 1 ]; then
    echo "To many arguments given"
    exit 1
fi
echo "Snapshot activity: ${activity}"
outputPath="${HOME}/Pictures/webcam/${activity}"
mkdir -p "${outputPath}"
cd "${outputPath}" 
/usr/bin/gst-launch -e v4l2src num-buffers=1 decimate=10 ! jpegenc \
    ! filesink location="webcam ${timestamp}.jpg" \
    > /dev/null 2>&1 < /dev/null &

The script is simple enough and requires you to give an activity as the first argument, which will be the name of the directory. For example, calling webcamsnapshot "writing blog" will output Snapshot activity: writing blog and write a jpeg file in ~/Pictures/webcam/writing blog/webcam 20130109T22:11:02+01:00.jpg. As you can see, the whole script is pretty over-engineered with an activity and a timezone in the time-stamp. Anyway, on to git.

Intercepting your git commit

I didn't want to create a git commit hook, because I work with multiple repositories. The easiest solution, is to just take a place on your PATH before the real git, and add another bash script called git to intercept the git command:

#!/bin/bash
/usr/bin/git "$@"
ESTATUS="$?"
if [ "$ESTATUS" = "0" ]; then
    if [ "$1" = "commit" ]; then
        webcamsnapshot "git commit"
    fi
fi
exit "${ESTATUS}"

Because we want this script to be an interceptor for the real git, there are three main things it has to do:

  1. Make sure all arguments are passed on to the real git: "$@".
  2. Make sure the exit status of the real git is returned (available trough $?)
  3. Make sure stdin/stdout/stderr is passed on, but bash already does this for us.

Only if the git command is successful the webcamsnapshot command will be executed. This means that every time a git commit goes through, a picture is taken.

Result!

Best part of course are the pictures.

<div class="nine columns centered">
    <ul class="block-grid two-up centered">
        <li>
            <a href="snapshot1.jpg" class="th">
               <img width="320" height="240" src="400x300/snapshot1.jpg" alt="Snapshot 1" />
            </a>
        </li>
        <li>
            <a href="snapshot2.jpg" class="th">
               <img width="320" height="240" src="400x300/snapshot2.jpg" alt="Snapshot 2" />
            </a>
        </li>
        <li>
            <a href="snapshot3.jpg" class="th">
               <img width="320" height="240" src="400x300/snapshot3.jpg" alt="Snapshot 3" />
            </a>
        </li>
        <li>
            <a href="snapshot4.jpg" class="th">
               <img width="320" height="240" src="400x300/snapshot4.jpg" alt="Snapshot 4" />
            </a>
        </li>
    </ul>
</div>

Update

  • I've added decimate=10 to the gst-launch pipeline to throw away the first frames. Most webcams need that time to calibrate their exposure.

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